Alvin Plantinga God Freedom And Evil Pdf
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The Problem of Evil
Alvin Plantinga's free-will defense is a logical argument developed by the American analytic philosopher Alvin Plantinga and published in its final version in his book God, Freedom, and Evil. Mackie beginning in In , Mackie conceded that Plantinga's defense successfully refuted his argument in The Miracle of Theism , though he did not claim that the problem of evil had been put to rest. The logical argument from evil argued by J. Mackie , and to which the free-will defense responds, is an argument against the existence of the Christian God based on the idea that a logical contradiction exists between four theological tenets in orthodox Christian theology. Specifically, the argument from evil asserts that the following set of propositions are, by themselves, logically inconsistent or contradictory:.
Don't have an account? Chapter 9 is the first of two chapters that apply the findings of the previous eight chapters of The Nature of Necessity to some traditional problems in natural theology. The Problem of Evil is the objection to theism that holds that the conjunction of the propositions, God is omnipotent, omniscient, and wholly good and There is evil in the world , is necessarily false. The Free Will Defense is an effort to show the two propositions are compatible, and in the process of the defence, I use the concept of transworld depravity. I then prove that the possibility that every essence suffers from such depravity entails that it is possible both that God is omnipotent, omniscient, and wholly good and that there is evil in the world. I conclude by addressing special problems caused by natural evil and by arguing that the Probabilistic Problem of Evil is unsuccessful.
God, Freedom and Evil
In God, Freedom, and Evil Alvin Plantinga AP attempts to rebut the logical problem of evil [i] , which posits that the following two propositions [i] are inconsistent:. Where is the Inconsistency? AP spends the first section of the book attempting to demonstrate an inconsistency between the two premises. He argues that 1 and 2 are neither explicitly nor formally [ii] contradictory, and following J. Mackie decides that the most promising course for the atheologian [iii] is that the propositions are implicitly contradictory. A set of premises is implicitly contradictory if one or more of the terms violates a logically necessary truth. What the atheologian is looking for, then, in pressing the logical problem of evil is a necessary truth which, when added to 1 and 2 above, yields a contradiction.
The existence of evil and suffering in our world seems to pose a serious challenge to belief in the existence of a perfect God. If God were all-knowing, it seems that God would know about all of the horrible things that happen in our world. If God were all-powerful, God would be able to do something about all of the evil and suffering. Furthermore, if God were morally perfect, then surely God would want to do something about it. And yet we find that our world is filled with countless instances of evil and suffering.
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Plantinga, Alvin. God, freedom, and evil. Reprint of the ed. published by Harper & Row, New York, issuedin series: Basic conditions.
Book Review: Alvin Plantinga's God, Freedom, and Evil
In his discussion of natural theology arguments to prove the existence of God and natural atheology arguments for the falsehood of theistic belief Plantinga focuses on two of the traditional arguments: the ontological argument as an example of natural theology, In his discussion of natural theology arguments to prove the existence of God and natural atheology arguments for the falsehood of theistic belief Plantinga focuses on two of the traditional arguments: the ontological argument as an example of natural theology, and the problem of evil as the most important representative of natural atheology. Accessible to serious general readers. The Problem of Evil 1.
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