The 1967 Arab Israeli War Origins And Consequences Pdf
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The and wars in the Middle East radically changed the face of the region: huge swaths of land changed hands and political landscapes transformed. The War henceforth: the June War left Israel controlling large territories, including strategically important areas such as the Sinai desert and the Golan Heights, but also the politically sensitive areas of East Jerusalem, the West Bank, and Gaza. Psychologically, the war created a sense of superiority and invulnerability in the Israeli leadership, military echelon and public minds.
The defeat in the Arab-Israeli war, the ambiguous armistice agreements that followed and the growing belief in the need for collective Arab actions that characterized the second critical turning point created the conditions for the third critical turning point, which was highlighted by the Arab-Israeli War. The Six-Day War, as it is also known, which involved Israel, Egypt, Syria and Jordan, brought many significant changes to the region and helped to sow the seeds for the next and fourth critical turning point.
New York: Cambridge University Press, The Arab-Israeli war is rightly seen by most scholars as a turning point in the history of the Middle East. Its consequences are still with us, and, like most important historical moments, it has given rise to an abundant literature and a plethora of conspiratorial [End Page ] explanations of its causes. A big event, so it seems, must have a big cause. But as most of the authors of this fine volume would argue, none of the players in the game worked from a master script or a grand strategy that entailed war. The simpler, but truer explanation, now backed up with materials from the archives in several key capitals, makes clear that the war was the product of fears, misperceptions, and imprudent calculations of risk, but was not the outcome of a master plan made in Moscow, Washington, Cairo, or Jerusalem. Those who most recklessly fanned the embers of war—the hawks in Damascus and the Palestinian guerrillas—talked enthusiastically about war but were too weak to undertake it on their own.
Backorder temporarily out of stock. Description The June war was a watershed in the history of the modern Middle East. With the hindsight of four decades and access to recently declassified documents, two veteran scholars of the Middle East bring together some of the most knowledgeable experts in their fields to reassess the origins of the war and its regional reverberations. Each chapter takes a different perspective from the vantage point of a different participant, those that actually took part in the war, and also the world powers - the United States, Soviet Union, Britain, and France - that played important roles behind the scenes. Their conclusions make for sober reading.
Thomas Reifer is an associate professor of sociology at the University of San Diego and an associate fellow at the Transnational Institute. Journal of Palestine Studies 1 August ; 42 4 : 95— Sign In or Create an Account. User Tools. Sign In. Skip Nav Destination Article Navigation. Close mobile search navigation Article navigation.
Origins of the Six-Day War
The Arab-Israeli war : origins and consequences Saved in:. Connect to electronic book via Cambridge Core. In six days, the Israelis defeated the Egyptian, Syrian and Jordanian armies, seizing large portions of their territories. Two veteran scholars of the Middle East bring together some of the most knowledgeable experts in their fields to reassess the origins and the legacies of the war. Each chapter takes a different perspective from the vantage point of a different participant, those that actually took part in the war and also the world powers that played important roles behind the scenes. Their conclusions make for sober reading. At the heart of the story was the incompetence of the Egyptian leadership and the rivalry between various Arab players who were deeply suspicious of each other's motives.
Following years of diplomatic friction and skirmishes between Israel and its neighbors, Israel Defense Forces launched preemptive air strikes that crippled the air forces of Egypt and its allies. The brief war ended with a U. The Six-Day War came on the heels of several decades of political tension and military conflict between Israel and the Arab states. In , following disputes surrounding the founding of Israel, a coalition of Arab nations had launched a failed invasion of the nascent Jewish state as part of the First Arab-Israeli War. An era of relative calm prevailed in the Middle East during the late s and early s, but the political situation continued to rest on a knife edge. Many Israelis, meanwhile, continued to believe they faced an existential threat from Egypt and other Arab nations.
Following years of diplomatic friction and skirmishes between Israel and its neighbors, Israel Defense Forces launched preemptive air strikes that crippled the air forces of Egypt and its allies. The brief war ended with a U. The Six-Day War came on the heels of several decades of political tension and military conflict between Israel and the Arab states. In , following disputes surrounding the founding of Israel, a coalition of Arab nations had launched a failed invasion of the nascent Jewish state as part of the First Arab-Israeli War.
At the time of the Six-Day War , the earlier foundation of Israel, the resulting Palestinian refugee issue , and Israel's participation in the invasion of Egypt during the Suez crisis of continued to be significant grievances for the Arab world. Arab nationalists, led by Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser , continued to be hostile to Israel's existence and made grave threats against its Jewish population. By the mids, relations between Israel and its Arab neighbors had deteriorated to the extent that a number of border clashes had taken place. In April , Syria shot at an Israeli tractor ploughing in the demilitarized zone -which Syria considered an ongoing practice of Israeli encroachment on contested land. The event occasioned an escalation into a prewar aerial clash.
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Они обернулись. Сотрудник отдела обеспечения системной безопасности Фил Чатрукьян, приникнув лицом к стеклу, отчаянно барабанил по нему, стараясь разглядеть, есть ли кто-нибудь внутри. Он что-то говорил, но сквозь звуконепроницаемую перегородку слов не было слышно. У него был такой вид, словно он только что увидел привидение.
Ему на руку была даже конструкция башни: лестница выходила на видовую площадку с юго-западной стороны, и Халохот мог стрелять напрямую с любой точки, не оставляя Беккеру возможности оказаться у него за спиной, В довершение всего Халохот двигался от темноты к свету. Расстрельная камера, мысленно усмехнулся. Халохот оценил расстояние до входа. Семь ступеней.
Двести два. Где это? - Где же на необъятных американских просторах прячется эта загадочная Северная Дакота. - Где-то поблизости от Вашингтона, округ Колумбия, сэр.
Повсюду в старинных домах отворялись ворота, и люди целыми семьями выходили на улицы.
Может быть, можно взглянуть? - Он встал и начал обходить круг терминалов, двигаясь по направлению к. Сьюзан понимала, что сегодня любопытство Хейла может привести к большим неприятностям, поэтому быстро приняла решение. - Это диагностика, - сказала она, взяв на вооружение версию коммандера. Хейл остановился: - Диагностика? - В голосе его слышалось недоверие.
Ей хотелось убежать, но сильные руки тянули ее. - Я люблю тебя, - шептал коммандер. - Я любил тебя. У нее свело желудок.
- Коммандер Стратмор у. Советую исчезнуть, пока он тебя не засек. Хейл пожал плечами: - Зато он не имеет ничего против твоего присутствия. Тебе он всегда рад.