Qualitative Research Methods In Sport Exercise And Health Pdf

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qualitative research methods in sport exercise and health pdf

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Authors: Krista M. Miller 1 , and Jamie C.

Explore more content. Keegan-Spray PSE A qualitative investigation exploring the motivational climate in early career sports participants: coach, parent and peer influences on sport motivation.

Sports Psychology Research Questions

Authors: Krista M. Miller 1 , and Jamie C. Clark 3. Corresponding Author: Krista M. Krista M. Her research interests focus on the health and well-being of sports coaches, lifestyle medicine, and exercise is medicine.

Krista has over 10 years of swim coaching experience ranging from high school teams to national-level club teams and athletes. Bridget M. Her research interests include: the prevention of obesity and other chronic diseases through the promotion of physical activity and the cognitive mediators within the exercise-mood relationship. Jamie C. Her research interest includes sport burnout, post-collegiate transition and sport support relationships with parents and coaches.

Jamie has over 10 years of volleyball coaching experience. Purpose: The sports coach profession encompasses many non-traditional working characteristics, such as early morning and late evening hours. Literature regarding the health and well-being of sports coaches has been mostly limited to psychological components, such as stress and burnout, but little has focused on the physical health of coaches.

The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experiences on health and well-being within the coaching profession. Methods: A qualitative interpretative phenomenological analysis approach was used for this study. Six focus groups were conducted at a swim conference using a semi-structured question guide.

Transcriptions of each focus group were used by a 3-person research team to individually code salient words and phrases. Researchers met to reconcile codes and determine themes. Results: Twenty-three swim coaches, mostly male From the data, six themes were identified: 1 Health and well-being definitions, 2 Former athlete transition to coaching, 3 Coaching challenges, 4 Health correlates, 5 Healthy eating barriers, and 6 Reasons for coaching.

Conclusions: Coaches identified a number of different components of the profession that impact health and well-being and potentially increase health risks. Of emphasis was the steady. Despite the many challenges that coaching poses, coaches expressed a deep love for their profession. Applications in Sport: This research provides important information for those considering a career in coaching and the impacts, both positive and negative, on their health and well-being.

Coaches, teams, and organizations can explore this data for future points of intervention and areas to provide training and education to coaches, not only improve their health and well-being, but also to minimize any potential negative aspects of the coaching profession.

Key Words : coach health, former athlete, health behaviors, job satisfaction, sport coach. Sports coaches face a unique, challenging, and constantly changing work environment. Most of the previous research on the health of sports coaches evaluated the components of mental health ex. The sports coach population can provide valuable insight into the challenges and benefits related to their health and well-being as it is seen through the lens of a sports coach. It is this unique viewpoint that will help researchers and others understand how health and well-being plays a role in the coaching profession.

There has been an increase in popular articles looking at health-related incidents in relations to sports coaches, specifically with high-profile football coaches 2,3,16,20, These articles have shown that coaches are experiencing heart attacks and strokes on the sidelines of games or are retiring or leaving the sport due to undisclosed health-related issues 8,20,26, This increase in popular media coverage of sport coaches and their health challenges shows a need for scholarly research to be conducted, along with looking at existing statistics, to try to understand what is occurring.

Sports coaching and scouting, the job category as broken down by the U. Xu and colleagues 44 have analyzed data related to obesity, cardiovascular disease, depression, and other health risk levels for sub-areas of the United States. As far back as , Porter and Allsen 27 singled out the coaching profession and made proactive suggestions toward the health of coaches, such as annual cardiovascular check-ups and routine participation in a cardiovascular exercise program.

Rhea and Lunt 30 , who studied heart rates of high school and college coaches, also recommended coaches work on their cardiovascular systems and, more broadly, recommended coaches increase the volume of exercise to help alleviate the negative health impacts of a stressful occupation. This study showed the average BMI for male coaches as This is relevant to understanding health outcomes as stressors, both occupational and personal, have been shown to negatively impact health behaviors 1,32,35, Research related to coaches as an avenue to athlete success has also been studied extensively 4, The coaching profession is unique compared to other professions because of the number of coaches who are former athletes themselves 12,23,34, Many coaches exceeded the recommended daily amount of physical activity during their competitive years.

It is possible this level of activity can have implications on the health and well-being of coaches beyond the completion of their competitive training. Research shows that athletes have lower rates of metabolic syndrome and longer life expectancy than the non-athlete population 11,13,26 , but the findings on overall health of former athletes is mixed 5. It is currently unknown if sport coaches are at risk for health problems and unknown if they are experiencing any physical health problems on a regular basis.

It is also unknown how the health of former athletes is impacted by their present occupations. However, comparing the coaching population to other professions without taking former athlete status into account could possibly skew results or show a link where deeper research should have been done to untangle the true meaning. The purpose of the study was to explore the experiences, thoughts, attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions of sports coaches about health and well-being within their profession and their personal lives.

It also aimed to create an open dialogue within the sporting world about health among coaches. A qualitative interpretative phenomenological approach IPA was taken in order to explore this topic broadly This research design does not focus on how or why, but purely on lived experiences and perceptions without making generalizations It was found during a review of the literature that deep exploration into this topic had not previously been conducted, therefore leading the researchers to believe a qualitative approach would be best.

In keeping with the IPA design, in-person focus groups were utilized to gather data related to thoughts, attitudes, and viewpoints of coaches and their personal journey with health and well-being within the coaching profession. The IPA focus group design allowed for more in-depth and varied responses than would normally be gained from a quantitative survey. Focus groups were chosen over interviews in order to tap into the openness of the coaching profession and their tendency to share ideas and concerns.

This format allowed for deeper discussion among coaches that may not have been gained from individual interviews. Focus groups also allowed for a larger number of overall study participants due to time constraints of conducting the study during a professional conference.

The organization hosting the conference also approved the study. The population of interest was sport coaches, specifically within the sport of swimming. The sample consisted of 23 swim coaches who attended an annual international conference for swim coaches in Recruiting was done in advance of the conference via e-mail and social media posts, as well as at the on-site registration table during the first two days of the conference.

The only exclusion criteria was age, as all coaches were required to be at least 18 years old. Prior to the focus groups, three individuals experienced with qualitative research methods reviewed the 15 focus group questions and provided feedback, resulting in minor adjustments to wording.

This review ensured neutral questions that focused on the lived experiences of the coaches. All questions were designed to engage the participants in meaningful discussion and to open dialogue with coaches about their individual experiences. At the beginning of each focus group, participants were asked to fill out a short demographics sheet, which consisted of age, gender, height, weight, educational attainment, and years in coaching.

Six semi-structured focus groups were conducted in a private conference room in order to preserve confidentiality and ensure adequate audio recording. Each focus group had a minimum of two participants and a maximum of six participants, with a total sample size of twenty-three participants. The focus groups lasted a minimum of seventy-five minutes and a maximum of ninety minutes. A ten-dollar discount to a conference vendor was made available to each participant. Data was collected during focus groups by way of two audio recording devices, one primary and one back up, as well as researcher notes.

The primary researcher maintained a journal throughout the process to allow for reflexivity, which helps a researcher understand personal opinions and potential biases that could influence the data analysis. Once consent forms were signed and collected, participants were asked to select a pseudonym to be used for the duration of the study in order to increase confidentiality. A paper copy of the demographics survey was given to the coaches and they were given as much time as needed to complete survey.

All paper surveys were collected as they were completed, kept confidential, and at the completion of the focus groups were stored in a locked box in a locked room. From there, the audio recording devices were started, and the primary researcher initiated the question protocol. Participants were told that all questions were voluntary and that they could leave the focus group at any time. All focus groups were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim by the primary researcher.

Based on the IPA deign, the sample of twenty-three participants was of ample size to manage verbatim transcription while still allowing for rich, in-depth information to be collected All potential identifying information was removed from the transcripts. They then created a label, also known as a code in qualitative research, to use as a future identifier. All coding was done in Microsoft Word. The three researchers met and went line-by-line through the transcripts to evaluate codes, discuss chosen codes, and come to consensus on final codes.

This process generated a code list with definitions, which was then used for subsequent focus group coding. As new codes emerged from the data, they were added to the list. After the final four focus groups were coded and merged, meetings were held to determine final codes for those transcripts.

The three researchers met for a final time to determine themes for the data and select quotes to demonstrate thematic meanings. Descriptive statistics were calculated for gender, age, height, weight, body mass index BMI and years in coaching. Table 1 provides a summary of demographic information of the 23 participants.

The participants were mostly male All of the themes were discussed within the context of health and the coaching profession. Themes, theme overviews, and representative quotes are shown in Tables 2 and 3. Each individual expressed a different perception and experience with these terms in their own lives.

Many coaches transition to the coaching profession following an athletic career within that given sport. Therefore, it is expected that the sport coaching profession is made up of more former athletes than most other occupations. The current sample confirms this perception and adds to the knowledge base, as 22 of 23 This theme shows a number of different challenges that coaches face that they believe could lead or had already led to adverse health and well-being outcomes or difficulty in maintaining ideal health and well-being See Table 2.

One year-old male coach, with 17 years of coaching experience, gave a whole-life overview of his concerns with the coaching profession:.

Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis: An Appropriate Methodology for Educational Research?

Sports Psychology Research Questions. To these, we have added research paper topics on factors that influence how we communicate such as gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and globalization , as well as a number of topics that could be considered to be both challenges and opportunities for communicators such as communication competence, sexual harassment, deception, and bias. Leading question is a type of question that pushes respondents to answer in a specific manner, based on the way they are framed. Health and Psychology Topics for Research Paper. Here are some psychology research topics: How can we use fruits to improve our immune system? The importance of vegetables in preventing diseases in.

Interpretive phenomenological analysis IPA is a contemporary qualitative methodology, first developed by psychologist Jonathan Smith Despite this, IPA has received limited attention across educationalist literature. Journal of Perspectives in Applied Academic Practice has made best effort to ensure accuracy of the contents of this journal, however makes no claims to the authenticity and completeness of the articles published. Authors are responsible for ensuring copyright clearance for any images, tables etc which are supplied from an outside source. His doctoral research seeks to explore how social comparison on social network sites influences adolescent identity development.

Designed especially for students in sport and physical activity, this book provides a detailed guide to planning, undertaking, and writing up qualitative research. Opening with a discussion of the main traits of qualitative inquiry and its use in sport and physical activity, the authors provide a coherent and accessible overview of qualitative research using numerous examples to bring research alive. The book is divided into five parts informed by stages in the research process with chapters on: Early steps in the research process; Ethics; Choosing an approach; Methods of data collection; Analyzing the data; Writing up and disseminating your findings. This is essential reading for undergraduate and graduate students carrying out a qualitative research project in sport and physical activity and for PhD students looking to refresh their knowledge. Have you created a personal profile? Login or create a profile so that you can save clips, playlists and searches.

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Apple Case Study Pdf. Case study guidelines require students to pay attention to details, examining issues closely and in-depth using different research methods. Since this study is based on a case study method, and three rural municipalities of the Jalal-Abad oblast were chosen as case study areas, the second part of this chapter [Show full abstract] introduces the Arstanbap, Kyzyl-Unkur and Kara-Alma rural municipalities. Case Study.

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Qualitative Research in Sport and Physical Activity

Qualitative forms of inquiry are a dynamic and exciting area within contemporary research in sport, exercise and health. Students and researchers at all levels are now expected to understand qualitative approaches and be able to employ them in.

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Qualitative exploration of health and well-being perceptions of swim coaches

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Qualitative Research in Physical Activity and the Health Professions PDF

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