National Security In Saudi Arabia Threats Responses And Challenges Pdf

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National security or national defence is the security and defence of a nation state , including its citizens , economy , and institutions, which is regarded as a duty of government. Originally conceived as protection against military attack , national security is now widely understood to include also non-military dimensions, including the security from terrorism , minimisation of crime , economic security , energy security , environmental security , food security , cyber-security etc. Similarly, national security risks include, in addition to the actions of other nation states , action by violent non-state actors , by narcotic cartels , and by multinational corporations , and also the effects of natural disasters. Governments rely on a range of measures, including political , economic , and military power, as well as diplomacy , to safeguard the security of a nation-state.

Introducing Regional Security in the Middle East

This report examines international terrorist actions, threats, U. A modern trend in terrorism appears to be toward loosely organized, self-financed, international networks of terrorists. Increasingly, radical Islamist groups, or groups using religion as a pretext, pose a serious threat to U. Of concern as well is the growing political participation of extremist Islamist parties in foreign nations. Also noteworthy is the apparent growth of cross-national links among different terrorist organizations, which may involve combinations of military training, funding, technology transfer, or political advice. Looming over the entire issue of international terrorism is the specter of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction WMD.

Far more immediate threats have emerged in terms of asymmetric warfare, terrorism, piracy, non-state actors, and other threats. The Burke Chair at CSIS has developed a new briefing that provides an overview of these threats, showing current trends and highlighting the strategic geography involved. This report is the third report in a series of three. The two previous reports in the series are available on the CSIS website:. Contact H.

National security

The shifts in Saudi Arabia's power structure that have taken place since King Salman came to power in January have created a new set of Saudi priorities for shaping Saudi Arabia's future. These new priorities have led to participation in a major war in Yemen, efforts to isolate Qatar that have broken up an already weak and divided Gulf Cooperation Council GCC , and deeper tensions with Iran over its military build-up and efforts to expand its regional influence. Most of the earlier changes at top levels of the Saudi government and security structure were motivated by new King's desire to consolidate power at the top of the government and royal family. The more recent changes to the Saudi national security sector and military command made in February are harder to interpret. Mohammed bin Salman may have been reacting to the lack of progress in the war in Yemen, Saudi tensions with Qatar, and MBS's feelings that too much of the Kingdom's security spending has been wasteful, poorly planned, and involved some element of corruption. Speculation aside, there are no credible reports that provide a reliable "inside" picture of what is happening.

National Security in Saudi Arabia: Threats, Responses, and Challenges - E-bog

Get your free copy here. As a term, Middle East , albeit still contested in its meaning, did not gain much currency until after the Second World War. As such, the region occupies a unique strategic position. Hence, we can easily understand why the region has attracted the strategic attention and involvement of great powers and empires throughout history. Specifically, the Middle East contains the holiest places of Islam as well as the highest institutions of Islamic learning, while the Holy Land of Palestine is associated with the aspirations of Jews and Christians.

National Security in Saudi Arabia: Threats, Responses, and Challenges - E-bog

The United States' dependence on oil has long influenced its foreign policy. This timeline traces the story of U. The three major periods include the rise of oil as a commodity, beginning in ; the post-WWII age of geopolitical competition; and the current era of deregulation and diversification. The development of the Watt steam engine in the late eighteenth century spurs a wave of mechanization in Europe and the United States known as the Industrial Revolution.

Yemen, a small country on the Arabian Peninsula, has become the site of grievous civilian suffering amid an intractable civil war. Many analysts say the fighting, now seven years old, has turned into a proxy war: Iran-backed Houthi rebels, who overthrew the Yemeni government, are pitted against a multinational coalition led by Saudi Arabia. The conflict has displaced more than one million people and given rise to cholera outbreaks, medicine shortages, and threats of famine. Saudi Arabia.

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