Planning And Administration Of Secondary Education Pdf

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Read this article to learn about the meaning, nature, objectives, scope and functions of educational administration. Educational Administration is regarded as the process of integrating the appropriate human and material resources that are made available and made effective for achieving the purposes of a programme of an educational institution. It is like a broad umbrella encompassing a number of processes such as: planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, controlling and evaluating the performance.

Educational Administration: Meaning, Nature and Other Details

Read this article to learn about the meaning, nature, objectives, scope and functions of educational administration. Educational Administration is regarded as the process of integrating the appropriate human and material resources that are made available and made effective for achieving the purposes of a programme of an educational institution. It is like a broad umbrella encompassing a number of processes such as: planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, controlling and evaluating the performance.

The same situation occurs in the field of educational administration. The concept of educational administration is applicable in case of an educational organisation which has certain purposes or goals to fulfill.

In order to achieve these purposes or goals, the head of the educational organisation plans carefully various programmes and activities. Here the educational organisation may be a school, college or university. He provides feedback to them and brings modification, if required in the plans and programmes of the school or college or university.

These are planning, organizing, directing, Coordinating and evaluation. Educational administration is primarily a social enterprise as it is more concerned with human resources than with material resources. Educational administration is more an art than a science.

Educational administration is similar to general administration in many ways, but it is also dissimilar to general administration in many more ways. As we know the very fact that educational administration needs integration and co-ordination of all the physical and human resources and educational elements.

Besides this it requires a great efficiency with it based on human sympathy, understanding, knowledge and skill.

The human resources include pupils, teachers, supervisors, administrators and parents. The additional elements comprise the various aspects of educational theory and practice including philosophy of education, objectives of education, curriculum, method of teaching, discipline, role of the teacher, rules and regulations etc.

So the purpose of doing such vital task is to fulfill different purposes which are known as the objectives of educational administration.

Rather it means the right type of education from the right type of teachers within reasonable cost. This objective also implies quantitative expansion and qualitative improvement of education. For adequate realization of the various purposes of educational programme there is the need of ensuring adequate utilization of all available resources-human, material and financial. As teachers are the senior and mature human elements to accelerate the programme in time their role is highly felt in this regard.

They are to be encouraged and given the facility to devise and try out innovative ideas on instruction and to participate in service education programmes. In this context, it can be visualized that educational administration should aim at developing a desire for hard work, dedication and commitment for their job among teachers. To organize educational programmes for acquainting students with the art of democratic living and giving them excellent training in democratic citizenship.

Like general administration, educational administration seeks to maintain and improve the relations with the community. For this it should seek community support and co-operation for quantitative expansion, qualitative improvements, smooth and fair examination in the educational system. To organize co-curricular activities effectively for developing talents of students and work efficiency of educational teachers.

The most important objective of administration is to get the work done effectively, efficiently and with satisfaction to the individuals and benefits to the society. To train the students in developing scientific attitude and objective outlook among them towards all aspects and activities of life.

Good education can be provided to students by bringing qualitative improvement in instruction. Regular supervision of teaching and guidance of teachers help to ensure quality teaching in schools.

It is educational administration that determines what should be the nature and system of administration for all the above levels of education. Here the educational administration sets the systems of administration in accordance to the objectives and nature of all the levels of education. Educational administration covers the following aspects relating to management in its jurisdiction:.

Out of these above levels, educational administration has its ground reality and importance at the institutional level. Because it is the practical ground to test the significance of educational administration in practice. For this, the following activities and programmes come under the scope of educational administration at the institutional level:. Conducting periodical reviews about the progress, achievements and failures of the institution.

Giving feedback to the teachers performing well and taking remedial measures for teachers not performing well. The prime concern of administration of any programme is proper accomplishment of the pre-fixed purposes and goals. This becomes possible through adequate utilization of both human and material resources with the purpose of bringing qualitative improvement of the programme.

For this there is the necessity of different aspects of management which are accepted as the functions of administration. In order to simplify it we can be said here that proper management of a programme needs various aspects that are regarded as the functions of administration. In the field of educational administration, the educational authority as the administrative authority exercises its functions in relation to the above mentioned aspects. But it is essential to mention that the functions of educational administration can be studied under two major perspectives.

One is in general perspective and the other is in contextual perspective. Let us discuss these functions one by one. Institutional Climate: Meaning and Components.

Educational Administration and Planning

The Capital Asset Management CAM team regulates the assessment and oversight of capital projects to ensure that facilities meet educational and provincial government requirements for providing high-quality and accessible public post-secondary education in British Columbia. CAM maintains accountability for government policies and provincial standards as they relate to the evaluation, planning, and implementation of new capital projects, as well as the maintenance, rehabilitation and upgrades to existing facilities for the province's public post-secondary institutions. CAM ensures that post-secondary institutional capital planning complies with the provincial government's Capital Asset Management Framework, as well as the Ministry's capital policies and procedures including requirements related to educational capital planning and relevant Acts and Regulations. Public post-secondary institutions can contact the Capital Asset Management team for advice or technical information for planning, development and maintenance of their capital assets and facilities. Please do not enter personal information such as your name, contact information, or identity numbers.

Special Ideas , Marlene Ashby. Scores of Ninth-Grade Students , L. Bud Johnston. Crume Jr. Advanced Search. Privacy Copyright. Educational Administration, Leadership, and Research Theses.

This paper attempts a comparison of that partnership with that evolved within the New Zealand experience. The A. Authority as it is presently constituted exercises control only over government primary and secondary schools. The discussion is therefore restricted to these fields and ignores preschool and technical education and independent schools, all of which are expected eventually to be brought within the scope of the Authority. Report bugs here. Please share your general feedback. You can join in the discussion by joining the community or logging in here.

The planning, organization, and administration of education often reflect local stages of the secondary schools, there are definite areas of specialization and.

Capital Planning for Post-secondary Institutions

Educational management refers to the administration of the education system in which a group combines human and material resources to supervise, plan, strategise, and implement structures to execute an education system. The education system is an ecosystem of professionals in educational institutions, such as government ministries, unions, statutory boards, agencies, and schools. The education system consists of political heads, principals, teaching staff, non-teaching staff, administrative personnel and other educational professionals working together to enrich and enhance. Educational management is related to Henri Fayol 's 14 Principles of Management. Co-curricular activities help students maintain a holistic education , expressing their interests and talents.

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Educational management

 Сьюзан. Она была потрясена. Прямо перед ней во всю стену был Дэвид, его лицо с резкими чертами. - Сьюзан, я хочу кое о чем тебя спросить.  - Звук его голоса гулко раздался в комнате оперативного управления, и все тут же замерли, повернувшись к экрану. - Сьюзан Флетчер, выйдете за меня замуж. В комнате зашушукались.

 - Я же терпеть не могу мотоциклы. Он крикнул парню: - Десять тысяч, если отвезете меня в аэропорт. Тот даже не повернул головы и выключил двигатель. - Двадцать тысяч! - крикнул Беккер.  - Мне срочно нужно в аэропорт.

Чутье подсказывало Беккеру, что это открытие не сулит ему ничего хорошего. - Все равно расскажите. ГЛАВА 15 Сьюзан Флетчер расположилась за компьютерным терминалом Третьего узла. Этот узел представлял собой звуконепроницаемую уединенную камеру, расположенную неподалеку от главного зала. Двухдюймовое искривленное стекло односторонней видимости открывало перед криптографами панораму зала, не позволяя увидеть камеру снаружи. В задней ее части располагались двенадцать терминалов, образуя совершенную окружность.

processes and on institutional planning and educational administration at the micro level. decision Elementary Education, Secondary Education and Adult Education and. Literacy, views, opinions and trends of school education in India.

Capital Planning for Post-secondary Institutions

To International Donors and UN Agencies

Теперь предстояло принять решение. Бросить все и ехать в аэропорт. Вопрос национальной безопасности. Он тихо выругался. Тогда почему они послали не профессионального агента, а университетского преподавателя. Выйдя из зоны видимости бармена, Беккер вылил остатки напитка в цветочный горшок. От водки у него появилось легкое головокружение.

В действительности перехват электронных писем, передвигаемых по Интернету, был детской забавой для технических гуру из АНБ. Интернет не был создан, как считали многие, в эру домашних персональных компьютеров. Он появился тремя десятилетиями ранее благодаря усилиям специалистов из министерства обороны и представлял собой громадную сеть компьютеров, призванных обеспечить безопасность правительственной связи на случай ядерной войны. Профессионалы Интернета стали глазами и ушами АНБ. Люди, занимавшиеся нелегальной деятельностью с использованием электронной почты, быстро убедились в том, что их секреты больше не являются их частным достоянием. ФБР, Налоговое управление, Агентство по борьбе с наркотиками и другие правоохранительные агентства США - с помощью опытных штатных хакеров - сумели арестовать и предать суду гораздо больше преступников. Разумеется, когда пользователи компьютеров во всем мире обнаружили, что американское правительство имеет широкий доступ к их электронной почте, раздались возмущенные голоса.

Худоба и неловкость подростка бесследно исчезли. С годами она приобрела гибкость и грацию. У нее была высокая стройная фигура с пышной грудью и по-юношески плоским животом. Дэвид шутил, что она может стать первой моделью для рекламы купальников, имеющей докторскую степень по прикладной математике и теории чисел. Через несколько месяцев оба начали подозревать, что обрели нечто такое, что может продлиться всю жизнь.

Education in India

Перечень этой бесценной информации был нескончаем.

Кольца на пальце уже не. ГЛАВА 118 - Это может служить доказательством, - решительно заявил Фонтейн.  - Танкадо избавился от кольца.

Она попробовала закричать, но голос ей не повиновался. Ей хотелось убежать, но сильные руки тянули ее. - Я люблю тебя, - шептал коммандер.

Росио подошла к нему еще ближе. - Я не знаю, кто вы такой и чего хотите, но если вы немедленно отсюда не уйдете, я вызову службу безопасности отеля и настоящая полиция арестует вас за попытку выдать себя за полицейского офицера. Беккер знал, что Стратмор в пять минут вызволит его из тюрьмы, но понимал, что это дело надо завершить совершенно .

К счастью, ножки стола были снабжены роликами. Упираясь ногами в толстый ковер, Сьюзан начала изо всех сил толкать стол в направлении стеклянной двери. Ролики хорошо крутились, и стол набирал скорость.

Сьюзан это позабавило. Стратмор был блестящими программистом-криптографом, но его диапазон был ограничен работой с алгоритмами и тонкости этой не столь уж изощренной и устаревшей технологии программирования часто от него ускользали. К тому же Сьюзан написала свой маячок на новом гибридном языке, именуемом LIMBO, поэтому не приходилось удивляться, что Стратмор с ним не справился. - Я возьму это на себя, - улыбнулась она, вставая.

Звуки шифровалки впервые за всю историю этого здания ворвались в помещение Третьего узла. Сьюзан открыла. Сквозь отверстие в двери она увидела стол.

Преодолев треть ступенек, он почувствовал какое-то движение у подножия лестницы. Стратмор что-то задумал. - И не пытайтесь, коммандер, - прошипел .


  1. Imogen G. 14.05.2021 at 17:19

    The planning and administration of education is not a simple and a special needs education, lifelong learning, secondary education, tertiary.

  2. Granfidico 14.05.2021 at 23:33

    Help us continue to fight human rights abuses.

  3. Martiniano C. 15.05.2021 at 22:47

    The 'Secondary Education: Planning and Appraisal. Manual' has been developed by the National. University of Educational Planning and. Administration.

  4. Camille L. 22.05.2021 at 14:30

    Education in India is primarily provided by public schools controlled and funded by the government at three levels: central , state and local and private schools.